Maturita: Listening Part One
1D, 2B, 3B, 4B
Extra Maturita Practice: Reading Part Eight
1E, 2A, 3C, 4G, 5B; not used: D, F
First Class: School Idioms
1B, 2A, 3C, 4C, 5A, 6A, 7B
Fairy Country: Geographic Glossary
1C, 2A, 3E, 4D, 5B
Don’t Jump in That Puddle!
1 debonair, 2 live-in, 3 put (a lot of) stock in sth, 4 scrubbed, 5 inevitably, 6 stateside
head, bead, bend, send, sand, said, sail, tail
HAPPY FLOWER SHUFFLE
missing letter: E
cheerful, delighted, merry, contented, upbeat, elated
Each word in the sentence is one letter longer than the word before it. Such a sentence is called a rhopalic sentence; this one was created by Dmitri Borgmann in Language on Vacation: An Olio of Orthographical Oddities (1965).
Simple translation: I do not know why family doctors have such confusing, hard to read handwriting. However, their medical brilliance balances and overcomes the communication problems.
1 All that glisters is not gold.
2 Love is merely a madness.
3 What’s done cannot be undone.
4 Brevity is the soul of wit.
5 Better three hours too soon than a minute too late.
WORDS WITH NUMBERS
artwork; weighty; contents; canine; honey
1C; 2F; 3B; 4E; 5D; 6A
a new scientific discovery: The World’s Largest Plant, Spa Day
a new technology: The New Robots
a person/people’s jobs: The New Robots, Not Banksy
an absurd situation: Flying Fish, Not Banksy
a politician: Not Banksy
something that lives in the water: Flying Fish, The World’s Largest Plant, Spa Day
something connected with finance: The New Robots
Stranger Than Ever
1 shooting, 2 toddler, 3 to sacrifice oneself, 4 vicious 5 grim
No Way: Facts That Sound Like Fiddlesticks
All are true (or probably true) except “The Magic Duck” and “Vampires at Home”.
5 Tips for Going Back to School, pp. 4–5, Task 1:1 with, 2 pass, 3 easy/simple, 4 most, 5 person, 6 without, 7 too, 8 start/begin, 9 them, 10 don’t, 11 on; Task 2: 1 5–10 mins, 2 later in the day when they are more awake, 3 by being together (even virtually), deciding on a time to work until without talking, hiding each other’s phones,4 you can take a break between smaller tasks and come back with fresh eyes, 5 when both activities are easy and you don’t have to focus completely
The US Constitution, pp. 6–7: The 13th Amendment – made slavery illegal, The 15th Amendment – guaranteed African-American men the right to vote, The 18th Amendment – made drinking alcohol illegal, The 19th Amendment – gave women the right to vote, The 21stAmendment – ended the 18th Amendment
The Most Instagrammable Places in the US, pp. 8–9, Task: 1 The Grand Canyon, 2 The Golden Gate Bridge, 3 Niagara Falls, Niagara (River), 4 The Empire State Building, 5 Devils Tower, 6 Jackson Square; CD Part 1: 1 Golden Gate, 2 1937, 3 tallest, 4 longest, 5 long, 6 227, 7 pedestrians, Instagram Question: the rainbow of colours of the bridge and its surroundings; the visitor centre or from the bridge itself; CD Part 2: 1 skyscraper, 2 1931, 3 1970, 4 102, 5 443.2, 6 World Trade Centre, 7 architecture; Instagram Question: Madison Square Park or from the top of the Rockefeller Center; CD Part 3: 1 Mississippi River, 2 Big Easy, 3 spicy, 4 Jackson Square, 5 statue, 6 Cathedral, 7 artists; Instagram Question: During Mardi Gras
Why We Live Together, pp. 10–11, Task 1: Starlings. Reasons they stay together: for heat, for protection from predators. Interesting facts: groups of starlings are called murmurations, they can include millions of birds, they drop a lot of poop, patterns emerge from individual birds reacting to others around them. Mole-rats: Reasons they stay together: to protect their community – different mole-rats have different roles in the colony. Interesting facts: they are neither moles nor rats, they are the only known eusocial mammals, female workers can’t have babies but can become fertile if the queen is killed or removed. Lorises: Reasons they stay together: they don’t seem to get practical benefits but they maybe share information on where to find food or possibly it’s just good to have friends. Interesting facts: they leave their babies on their own covered in slightly poisonous spit, they don’t work with other lorises but form relationships with a few others, they groom each other and share nests; CD Chimps: Reasons they stay together: to get food, to take care of and protect their young, to share knowledge and skills. Interesting facts: the alpha male is not always the toughest, most aggressive chimp but can also be a chimp that builds relationships, chimps, like humans, go to war. CD Spiders: Reasons they stay together: hunting together helps them catch bigger prey, helps with looking after kids, repairing the nest and stopping thieves. Interesting facts: spider societies can contain up to 50,000 individuals, they can catch birds and bats, some spiders are social when they are young and live independently as adults. Task 2: 1F, 2T, 3F, 4F, 5T
Virtual Reality for Fun and Profit, pp. 14–15: 1T, 2F – they’re still pretty expensive, 3F – with mixed reality you can interact with digital elements, 4F – they are now starting to be used, 5T
Doing Things the British Way, pp. 18–19, CD Task: 1 separate, 2 different, 3 tank, 4 safe, 5 fill
All Aboard!, pp. 22–23, Task: 1C,E, 2D, 3B,F, 4A,G
Back to Cool, pp. 26–27, Task: 1 jacket, coat, shirt, ’shacket’, tank, sweater, blazer, hoodie, 2 sneakers, shoes, 3 silk, satin, velvet, 4 to grow out one’s roots, highlights, 5 to make headlines, 6 to go for
School English 101, pp. 28–29, Task 2: 1F, 2E, 3A, 4D, 5C, 6B
NewsBites, pp. 32–33, Task 2: 1 an island, 2 they can use it to measure ecological diversity, 3 ’bin there’ sounds like ’been there’ – if you have ’been there, done that’ you have experienced something or visited somewhere, 4 Josh Vinson Jr., 5 a city in Nebraska, 6 whisky and maple syrup
Dialogues to Improve Your English, p. 35: Dialogue 1: 1 she’s having some problems with her hearing, 2 at least a couple of months, 3 her ear is completely full of earwax, 4 by injecting warm water into her ear, 5 yes; Dialogue 2: 1 direct your call, 2 put you through, 3 an honest mistake, 4 quite a big deal, 5 suddenly he’s moving up, 6 transfer me. Bonus question: he is jealous of him; Dialogue 3: 1F – a red jumper, 2F – she was having a conversation on her mobile phone, 3T, 4F – she lost a load of followers, 5T, 6F she is the manager; Dialogue 4: I think maybe you should stop with the poetry; Don’t you think that’s a bit much; Maybe you should play it cool; How about just writing her a message; So why not step back a bit; Bonus: writing a poem, commenting on Katie’s posts; Dialogue 5: Jenny Mahon: long blond hair, in the front row, wearing big earrings, really nice. Jessica Spenser: short, curly, black hair, wearing a blue hoodie, a bit weird. Michael Turvey: shoulder-length red hair and glasses, people always used to think he was a girl, now he’s really tall and strong. Keira: short, red hair, same cheeky smile, a bit overweight
Before the History Lesson; pp. 4–5
TASK 1: 1 Anne; 2 Alex; 3 (King) Arthur
TASK 3: The Answer: Hiss-tory
TASK 4: 1 science; 2 maths; 3 music; 4 geography; 5 English; 6 history; 7 art; The Answer: Camelot
Back to School, Czech vs American Schools; pp. 6–7
1 Czech marks are 1–5.
2 Czech schools have a hot lunch everyone eats.
3 Czechs eat pancakes at lunch.
4 Czech students wear slippers indoors.
5 Czech schools offer fewer social activities than American schools.
6 Czech schools have a caretaker who often lives at the school.
1 American grades are A–F.
2 American students can eat hot lunch at school or bring a cold lunch from home.
3 Americans usually only eat pancakes for breakfast.
4 American students wear their outside shoes indoors, too.
5 American schools offer more social activities than Czech schools
6 American schools have janitors that don’t live at the school.
School Lunches Around the World; pp. 8–9
TASK 1: from left to right: jollof, Ghana; paratha, India; black beans, Brazil; miso soup, Japan; chicken strips, the USA
TASK 2: School lunch in Thailand is usually some rice, some soup, some meat and vegetables, and some fruit (guava, for example). You could have chicken with ginger sauce one day, and fish curry with noodles the next. There aren’t any chips or
burgers, crisps or biscuits. But lots of Thai kids eat only a little bit of the nice school lunch. Then they go to the shop and buy some junk food and snacks instead.
What Do You Do After School? p. 10
Jenny: Monday – soccer / football; Tuesday – Spanish lessons; Wednesday – soccer / football; Friday – soccer / football game; Saturday – concer, then film
Samantha: Thursday – choir, rehearsal; Saturday concert, then film
1 She has homework and football practice; 2 Friday; 3 Tuesday; 4 choir rehearsal; 5 They will go to the cinema / see the superhero film.
Animal Adventures; p. 11
TASK: 1 Charlotte; 2 Old Yeller; 3 Wilbur; 4 Aslan; 5 Mr Toad
Oh Canada! Super Lady Looks for Superlatives; pp. 14–15
TASK 1: 1 Toronto; 2 Quebec; 3 Wood bison; 4 French; 5 Queen Elizabeth II
TASK 2: 1 Dinosaur; 2 scientists; 3 museums; 4 bird; 5 meat
The Skunk in the Oven; pp. 16–17
TASK 2: 1 Aunt Eloise; 2 Aunt Eloise; 3 Jack; 4 the hunter; 5 the farmer; 6 Aunt Eloise; 7 the farmer
The Lord of the Rings: Gollum; pp. 18–19
TASK 1: 1d; 2e; 3b; 4a; 5c
TASK 2: 1 ring; 2 hobbit; 3 Misty Mountains; 4 fish; 5 my precious
Animals in Danger; pp. 20–21
TASK 1: A little dodo birds; B both; C Siberian tigers; D Siberian tigers; E little dodo birds; F little dodo birds; G Siberian tigers
European Day of Languages; p. 22
TASK 1: 1D; 2G; 3F; 4B; 5A; 6J; 7I; 8C; 9E
Excellent Emojis; from Ancient Egypt to Today; p. 23
TASK 1: from left to right: surprised, in love, sad, angry, confused, crazy, embarrassed, happy
TASK 2: 1c; 2b; 3d; 4a; 5e
A Boy Who Acts… and Does Parkour, Too; pp. 24–25
TASK 1: 1 When he was filming Emma and the Death’s Head he learned a lot of new things, for example how to get a goat into a pen; 2 He has acted in a lot of films; 3 He acted first at the age of seven; 4 He goes to an Italian school; 5 His oldest sister won a singing competition; 6 He is working on a project in which he dances and does parkour; 7 When he grows up he wants to continue to be an actor.
Dancing on Horseback; pp. 26–27
TASK: Equestrian vaulting is a sport that started in Romania (Rome / Roman times) around 2,000 years ago. In this sport, horses dance to music (people perform moves to music on horseback). You can do this sport for fun, or at a competition. Equestrian vaulting is a part of the Equestrian World Games. In 2018 (2008) the games were in Brno. There are also world and Australian (European) championships. Anybody can try this sport. You need to be strong and have good balance and also have your own horse at home (you don’t need your own horse, you can visit a club).
The Changing Seasons; pp. 28–29
TASK 1: 1C; 2E; 3D; 4A; 5B
TASK 2: from top to bottom: the axis, the North Pole, the equator, the South Pole
Two Truths and a Lie; pp. 30–31
TASK 1: “No High Heels on Trains in Italy” is fake.
TASK 2: 1c; 2b; 3a
LanguageCert ESOL A1; pp. 32–33
English Usage: 1 but; 2 have; 3 likes; 4 can; 5 there; 6 on; 7 it; 8 or; 9 a; 10 he
Reading Part 2: A Hannah; B Becky; C Danny; D Tim; E Michael
Puzzles; pp. 34–35
TASK 1: James’ school bag is red. His favourite school subject is PE and he likes playing computer games. Pete’s school bag is purple. His favourite school subject is music and he likes skateboarding. Jenny’s school bag is blue. Her favourite school subject is maths and she likes playing the piano. Linda’s school bag is green. Her favourite school subject is English and she likes drawing.
TASK 2: 1P; 2I; 3I; 4I; 5R; 6A; 7T; 8E; The Answer: A Piiirate
Our Classroom; pp. 4–5
Task 2: board 4; book 14; bookcase 5; chair 1; clock 2; desk 3; door 8; floor 9; pencil 11; pencil case 15; rubber 12; rucksack 10; ruler 13: wall 6; window 7
Task 3: 1 clock; 2 chair; 3 board; 4 pencil; 5 floor; 6 desk; 7 classroom; 8 quiet; 9 rubber; 10 wall; 11 door; 12 bookcase; The Message: triangle, circle, square
Task 4: Chip
Grammar Zone; pp. 8–9
Task 2: 1 The red apple is in the desk; 2 The pink rubber is on the desk; 3 The green crayon is next to the apple; 4 The orange chair is behind the desk; 5 The white paper is under the chair; 6 The purple ruler is on the desk; 7 The blue pen is between the rubber and the ruler.
Task 3: The crayons are in this order: green, yellow, blue, orange, purple, red
Task 4: From top to bottom and from left to right: Prince Charles + Camilla; Prince William + Catherine; Prince Harry + Meghan; Prince George + Princess Charlotte + Prince Louis
The United Kingdom; pp 10–11
Task 2: Union Jack; Task 3: Fish and chips; sausage and mash; baked beans on toast; chicken tikka masala
Comic; pp 12–13
Task 1: 1 The book is on the bed; 2 The rucksack is on the floor; 3 The pencil case is on the desk; 4 The rubber is on the chair; 5 The pencils are on the desk
Rapunzel; pp 14–15
Task 2: gwindowothforestelcastleraputowernzstairselwitch; the witch’s name: Gothel; the name of the girl: Rapunzel
Let’s Colour!; p. 17
Task: the left side of the picture: a light blue (half) face with a red (half) mouth surrounded by light blue stars and dark blue sky in the background; the right side of the picture: a yellow (half) face with a red (half) mouth and ten yellow sun beams surrounded by light blue sky.
Look and Talk; pp. 19–20
Task 2: 1 In picture A the blue book is on the green notebook on Sandy’s desk. In picture B the blue book is under the green notebook. 2 In picture A there is a red pen on Jack’s desk. In picture B it’s purple. 3 In picture A, on Morty’s desk there’s a ruler between the pencil case and books. In picture B the ruler is on the books. 4 In picture A there is a school bag next to the door. In picture B there is no school bag next to the door. 5 In picture A there are books in the bookcase in this order from left to right: thick blue book, two orange books, a yellow book. In picture B the books are in this order: Blue book, orange book, yellow book, orange book. 6 In picture A there are five notebooks on the teacher’s desk. In picture B there are seven. 7 In picture A there is a water bottle behind the notebooks on the teachers desk. In picture B the water bottle is in front of the notebooks. 8 In picture A there is a doll next to the box on the bookcase. In picture B the doll is in the box. 9 In picture A there is no bird in the tree outside. In picture B there is a bird. 10 In picture A there is a ball on the teacher’s desk. In picture B there is a ball under the teacher’s desk.